receptor and neurotransmitter reviews


Attention Valued Visitor: A Drug Reference Page for FDA Approved General Anesthetics is now available!
Shawn Thomas ( is working to summarize the mechanisms of action of every drug approved by the FDA for a brain- related condition. In addition, new pages with more automated content will soon replace some of the older pages on the web site. If you have suggestions about content that you would like to see, e-mail if you have anything at all to share.



(Updated 7/19/07)

Lu NZ, Wardell SE, Burnstein KL, Defranco D, Fuller PJ, Giguere V, Hochberg RB, McKay L, Renoir JM, Weigel NL, Wilson EM, McDonnell DP, Cidlowski JA
International Union of Pharmacology. LXV. The pharmacology and classification of the nuclear receptor superfamily: glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, progesterone, and androgen receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):782-97. [Full Text]

Dahlman-Wright K, Cavailles V, Fuqua SA, Jordan VC, Katzenellenbogen JA, Korach KS, Maggi A, Muramatsu M, Parker MG, Gustafsson JA
International Union of Pharmacology. LXIV. Estrogen receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):773-81. [Full Text]

Nilsson, Stefan, Makela, Sari, Treuter, Eckardt, Tujague, Michel, Thomsen, Jane, Andersson, Goran, Enmark, Eva, Pettersson, Katarina, Warner, Margaret, Gustafsson, Jan-Ake
Mechanisms of Estrogen Action
Physiol. Rev. 2001 81: 1535-1565 [Full Text]

Germain P, Chambon P, Eichele G, Evans RM, Lazar MA, Leid M, De Lera AR, Lotan R, Mangelsdorf DJ, Gronemeyer H
International Union of Pharmacology. LX. Retinoic acid receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):712-25. [Full Text]

Germain P, Chambon P, Eichele G, Evans RM, Lazar MA, Leid M, De Lera AR, Lotan R, Mangelsdorf DJ, Gronemeyer H
International Union of Pharmacology. LXIII. Retinoid X receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):760-72. [Full Text]

Bathgate, Ross A., Ivell, Richard, Sanborn, Barbara M., Sherwood, O. David, Summers, Roger J.
International Union of Pharmacology LVII: Recommendations for the Nomenclature of Receptors for Relaxin Family Peptides
Pharmacol Rev 2006 58: 7-31 [Full Text]

Davenport, Anthony P., Bonner, Tom I., Foord, Steven M., Harmar, Anthony J., Neubig, Richard R., Pin, Jean-Philippe, Spedding, Michael, Kojima, Masayasu, Kangawa, Keniji
International Union of Pharmacology. LVI. Ghrelin Receptor Nomenclature, Distribution, and Function
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 541-546 [Full Text]

Masayasu Kojima, and Kenji Kangawa
Ghrelin: Structure and Function
Physiol. Rev. 85: 495-522, 2005. [Full Text]

Moore DD, Kato S, Xie W, Mangelsdorf DJ, Schmidt DR, Xiao R, Kliewer SA
International Union of Pharmacology. LXII. The NR1H and NR1I receptors: constitutive androstane receptor, pregnene X receptor, farnesoid X receptor alpha, farnesoid X receptor beta, liver X receptor alpha, liver X receptor beta, and vitamin D receptor.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):742-59. [Full Text]

Leeb-Lundberg, L. M. Fredrik, Marceau, Francois, Muller-Esterl, Werner, Pettibone, Douglas J., Zuraw, Bruce L.
International Union of Pharmacology. XLV. Classification of the Kinin Receptor Family: from Molecular Mechanisms to Pathophysiological Consequences
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 27-77 [Full Text]

Brighton, Paul J., Szekeres, Philip G., Willars, Gary B.
Neuromedin U and Its Receptors: Structure, Function, and Physiological Roles
Pharmacol Rev 2004 56: 231-248 [Full Text]

Binder, Elisabeth B., Kinkead, Becky, Owens, Michael J., Nemeroff, Charles B.
Neurotensin and Dopamine Interactions
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 453-486 [Full Text]

Dopamine Receptors: From Structure to Function
Physiol. Rev. 1998 78: 189-225 [Full Text]

Bowery, N. G., Bettler, B., Froestl, W., Gallagher, J. P., Marshall, F., Raiteri, M., Bonner, T. I., Enna, S. J.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXXIII. Mammalian gamma -Aminobutyric AcidB Receptors: Structure and Function
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 247-264 [Full Text]

Barnard, E. A., Skolnick, P., Olsen, R. W., Mohler, H., Sieghart, W., Biggio, G., Braestrup, C., Bateson, A. N., Langer, S. Z.
International Union of Pharmacology. XV. Subtypes of gamma -Aminobutyric AcidA Receptors: Classification on the Basis of Subunit Structure and Receptor Function
Pharmacol Rev 1998 50: 291-314 [Full Text]

Thomas J. Jentsch, Valentin Stein, Frank Weinreich, and Anselm A. Zdebik
Molecular Structure and Physiological Function of Chloride Channels
Physiol. Rev. 82: 503-568, 2002. [Full Text]

Hill, S. J., Ganellin, C. R., Timmerman, H., Schwartz, J. C., Shankley, N. P., Young, J. M., Schunack, W., Levi, R., Haas, H. L.
International Union of Pharmacology. XIII. Classification of Histamine Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 1997 49: 253-278 [Full Text]

Palmer, Claire L., Cotton, Lucy, Henley, Jeremy M.
The Molecular Pharmacology and Cell Biology of {alpha}-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 253-277
[Full Text]

Danysz, Wojciech, Parsons, Chris G.
Glycine and N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors: Physiological Significance and Possible Therapeutic Applications
Pharmacol Rev 1998 50: 597-664 [Full Text]

Lerma, Juan, Paternain, Ana V., Rodriguez-Moreno, Antonio, Lopez-Garcia, Juan C.
Molecular Physiology of Kainate Receptors
Physiol. Rev. 2001 81: 971-998 [Full Text]

Dingledine, Raymond, Borges, Karin, Bowie, Derek, Traynelis, Stephen F.
The Glutamate Receptor Ion Channels
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 7-62 [Full Text]

Meldrum, Brian S.
Glutamate as a Neurotransmitter in the Brain: Review of Physiology and Pathology
J. Nutr. 2000 130: 1007- [Full Text]

Fredholm, Bertil B., IJzerman, Adriaan P., Jacobson, Kenneth A., Klotz, Karl-Norbert, Linden, Joel
International Union of Pharmacology. XXV. Nomenclature and Classification of Adenosine Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 527-552 [Full Text]

Noble, Florence, Wank, Stephen A., Crawley, Jacqueline N., Bradwejn, Jacques, Seroogy, Kim B., Hamon, Michel, Roques, Bernard P.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXI. Structure, Distribution, and Functions of Cholecystokinin Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 745-781 [Full Text]

Dufresne M, Seva C, Fourmy D
Cholecystokinin and gastrin receptors.
Physiol Rev. 2006 Jul;86(3):805-47. [Full Text]

Howlett, A. C., Barth, F., Bonner, T. I., Cabral, G., Casellas, P., Devane, W. A., Felder, C. C., Herkenham, M., Mackie, K., Martin, B. R., Mechoulam, R., Pertwee, R. G.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXVII. Classification of Cannabinoid Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 161-202 [Full Text]

Hauger, Richard L., Grigoriadis, Dimitri E., Dallman, Mary F., Plotsky, Paul M., Vale, Wylie W., Dautzenberg, Frank M.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXXVI. Current Status of the Nomenclature for Receptors for Corticotropin-Releasing Factor and Their Ligands
Pharmacol Rev 2003 55: 21-26 [Full Text]

Severini, Cinzia, Improta, Giovanna, Falconieri-Erspamer, Giuliana, Salvadori, Severo, Erspamer, Vittorio
The Tachykinin Peptide Family
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 285-322 [Full Text]

Ralevic, Vera, Burnstock, Geoffrey
Receptors for Purines and Pyrimidines
Pharmacol Rev 1998 50: 413-492 [Full Text]

Abbracchio MP, Burnstock G, Boeynaems JM, Barnard EA, Boyer JL, Kennedy C, Knight GE, Fumagalli M, Gachet C, Jacobson KA, Weisman GA
International Union of Pharmacology LVIII: update on the P2Y G protein-coupled nucleotide receptors: from molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology to therapy.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Sep;58(3):281-341. [Full Text]

Khakh, Baljit S., Burnstock, Geoffrey, Kennedy, Charles, King, Brian F., North, R. Alan, Seguela, Philippe, Voigt, Mark, Humphrey, Patrick P. A.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXIV. Current Status of the Nomenclature and Properties of P2X Receptors and Their Subunits
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 107-118 [Full Text]

R. Alan North
Molecular Physiology of P2X Receptors
Physiol. Rev. 82: 1013-1067, 2002. 10.1152/physrev.00015.2002
[Full Text]

Poyner, David R., Sexton, Patrick M., Marshall, Ian, Smith, David M., Quirion, Remi, Born, Walter, Muff, Roman, Fischer, Jan A., Foord, Steven M.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXXII. The Mammalian Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptides, Adrenomedullin, Amylin, and Calcitonin Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 233-246 [Full Text]

Marc E. Freeman, Béla Kanyicska, Anna Lerant, and György Nagy
Prolactin: Structure, Function, and Regulation of Secretion
Physiol. Rev. 80: 1523-1631, 2000. [Full Text]

Christine Bole-Feysot, Vincent Goffin, Marc Edery, Nadine Binart, and Paul A. Kelly
Prolactin (PRL) and Its Receptor: Actions, Signal Transduction Pathways and Phenotypes Observed in PRL Receptor Knockout Mice
Endocr. Rev. 19: 225-268, 1998. [Full Text]

Gimpl, Gerald, Fahrenholz, Falk
The Oxytocin Receptor System: Structure, Function, and Regulation
Physiol. Rev. 2001 81: 629-683 [Full Text]

Cellular Mechanisms of Melatonin Action
Physiol. Rev. 1998 78: 687-721 [Full Text]

Mogil, Jeffrey S., Pasternak, Gavril W.
The Molecular and Behavioral Pharmacology of the Orphanin FQ/Nociceptin Peptide and Receptor Family
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 381-415 [Full Text]

Narumiya, Shuh, Sugimoto, Yukihiko, Ushikubi, Fumitaka
Prostanoid Receptors: Structures, Properties, and Functions
Physiol. Rev. 1999 79: 1193-1226 [Full Text]

Narumiya, Shuh, FitzGerald, Garret A.
Genetic and pharmacological analysis of prostanoid receptor function
J. Clin. Invest. 2001 108: 25-30 [Full Text]

Hollenberg, Morley D., Compton, Steven J.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXVIII. Proteinase-Activated Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 203-217 [Full Text]

Martin Steinhoff, Jörg Buddenkotte, Victoria Shpacovitch, Anke Rattenholl, Corinna Moormann, Nathalie Vergnolle, Thomas A. Luger, and Morley D. Hollenberg
Proteinase-Activated Receptors: Transducers of Proteinase-Mediated Signaling in Inflammation and Immune Response
Endocr. Rev. 26: 1-43; published online before print as doi:10.1210/er.2003-0025 [Full Text]

Falkenstein, Elisabeth, Tillmann, Hanns-Christian, Christ, Michael, Feuring, Martin, Wehling, Martin
Multiple Actions of Steroid Hormones---A Focus on Rapid, Nongenomic Effects
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 513-556 [Full Text]

Mensah-Nyagan, Ayikoe G., Do-Rego, Jean-Luc, Beaujean, Delphine, Luu-The, Van, Pelletier, Georges, Vaudry, Hubert
Neurosteroids: Expression of Steroidogenic Enzymes and Regulation of Steroid Biosynthesis in the Central Nervous System
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 63-82 [Full Text]

Murphy, Philip M., Baggiolini, Marco, Charo, Israel F., Hebert, Caroline A., Horuk, Richard, Matsushima, Kouji, Miller, Louis H., Oppenheim, Joost J., Power, Christine A.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXII. Nomenclature for Chemokine Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 145-176 [Full Text]

Murphy, Philip M.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXX. Update on Chemokine Receptor Nomenclature
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 227-229 [Full Text]

Caulfield, Malcolm P., Birdsall, Nigel J. M.
International Union of Pharmacology. XVII. Classification of Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 1998 50: 279-290 [Full Text]

Lukas, Ronald J., Changeux, Jean-Pierre, le Novere, Nicolas, Albuquerque, Edson X., Balfour, David J. K., Berg, Darwin K., Bertrand, Daniel, Chiappinelli, Vincent A., Clarke, Paul B. S., Collins, Allan C., Dani, John A., Grady, Sharon R., Kellar, Kenneth J., Lindstrom, Jon M., Marks, Michael J., Quik, Maryka, Taylor, Palmer W., Wonnacott, Susan
International Union of Pharmacology. XX. Current Status of the Nomenclature for Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors and Their Subunits
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 397-401 [Full Text]

Szallasi, Arpad, Blumberg, Peter M.
Vanilloid (Capsaicin) Receptors and Mechanisms
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 159-212 [Full Text]

Brink, Charles, Dahlen, Sven-Erik, Drazen, Jeffrey, Evans, Jilly F., Hay, Douglas W. P., Nicosia, Simonetta, Serhan, Charles N., Shimizu, Takao, Yokomizo, Takehiko
International Union of Pharmacology XXXVII. Nomenclature for Leukotriene and Lipoxin Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2003 55: 195-227 [Full Text]

Brink, Charles, Dahlen, Sven-Erik, Drazen, Jeffrey, Evans, Jilly F., Hay, Douglas W. P., Rovati, G. Enrico, Serhan, Charles N., Shimizu, Takao, Yokomizo, Takehiko
International Union of Pharmacology XLIV. Nomenclature for the Oxoeicosanoid Receptor
Pharmacol Rev 2004 56: 149-157 [Full Text]

Davenport, Anthony P.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXIX. Update on Endothelin Receptor Nomenclature
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 219-226 [Full Text]

Moncada, Salvador, Higgs, Annie, Furchgott, Robert
XIV. International Union of Pharmacology Nomenclature in Nitric Oxide Research
Pharmacol Rev 1997 49: 137-142 [Full Text]

de Gasparo, M., Catt, K. J., Inagami, T., Wright, J. W., Unger, Th.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXIII. The Angiotensin II Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 415-472 [Full Text]

Touyz, Rhian M., Schiffrin, Ernesto L.
Signal Transduction Mechanisms Mediating the Physiological and Pathophysiological Actions of Angiotensin II in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 639-672 [Full Text]

Jimmy D. Neill
Minireview: GnRH and GnRH Receptor Genes in the Human Genome
Endocrinology 143: 737-743, 2002. [Full Text]

Mario Ascoli, Francesca Fanelli, and Deborah L. Segaloff
The Lutropin/Choriogonadotropin Receptor, A 2002 Perspective
Endocr. Rev. 23: 141-174, 2002. [Full Text]

Manuela Simoni, Jörg Gromoll, and Eberhard Nieschlag
The Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Physiology, and Pathophysiology
Endocr. Rev. 18: 739-773, 1997. [Full Text]

Matthew P. Rose, Rose E. Gaines Das, and Adam H. Balen
Definition and Measurement of Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Endocr. Rev. 21: 5-22, 2000. [Full Text]

Annette L. Kirchgessner
Orexins in the Brain-Gut Axis
Endocr. Rev. 23: 1-15, 2002. [Full Text]

Feoktistov, Igor, Biaggioni, Italo
Adenosine A2B Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 1997 49: 381-402 [Full Text]

Levant, Beth
The D3 Dopamine Receptor: Neurobiology and Potential Clinical Relevance
Pharmacol Rev 1997 49: 231-252 [Full Text]

Derek Le Roith, Carolyn Bondy, Shoshana Yakar, Jun-Li Liu, and Andrew Butler
The Somatomedin Hypothesis: 2001
Endocr. Rev. 22: 53-74, 2001. [Full Text]

Stephan Matthaei, Michael Stumvoll, Monika Kellerer, and Hans-Ulrich Häring
Pathophysiology and Pharmacological Treatment of Insulin Resistance
Endocr. Rev. 21: 585-618, 2000. [Full Text]

Andrzej Slominski, and Jacobo Wortsman
Neuroendocrinology of the Skin
Endocr. Rev. 21: 457-487, 2000. [Full Text]

Chi Keung Cheng, and Peter C. K. Leung
Molecular Biology of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)-I, GnRH-II, and Their Receptors in Humans
Endocr. Rev. 26: 283-306; published online before print as doi:10.1210/er.2003-0039 [Full Text]

Joy Patricia Hinson, Supriya Kapas, and David Michael Smith
Adrenomedullin, a Multifunctional Regulatory Peptide
Endocr. Rev. 21: 138-167, 2000. [Full Text]

Vivian Hwa, Youngman Oh, and Ron G. Rosenfeld
The Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein (IGFBP) Superfamily
Endocr. Rev. 20: 761-787, 1999. [Full Text]

Takashi Kadowaki, and Toshimasa Yamauchi
Adiponectin and Adiponectin Receptors
Endocr. Rev. 26: 439-451, doi:10.1210/er.2005-0005 [Full Text]

Basil Rapoport, Gregorio D. Chazenbalk, Juan Carlos Jaume, and Sandra M. McLachlan
The Thyrotropin (TSH)-Releasing Hormone Receptor: Interaction with TSH and Autoantibodies
Endocr. Rev. 19: 673-716, 1998. [Full Text]

Patrick Pei-chih Hu, Michael B. Datto, and Xiao-fan Wang
Molecular Mechanisms of Transforming Growth Factor-ß Signaling
Endocr. Rev. 19: 349-363, 1998. [Full Text]

Eduardo A. Nillni, and Kevin A. Sevarino
The Biology of pro-Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone-Derived Peptides
Endocr. Rev. 20: 599-648, 1999. [Full Text]

Wiedemann K, Jahn H, Kellner M.
Effects of natriuretic peptides upon hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical system activity and anxiety behaviour.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2000;108(1):5-13 [Abstract]

Germain P, Staels B, Dacquet C, Spedding M, Laudet V
Overview of nomenclature of nuclear receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):685-704. [Full Text]

Benoit G, Cooney A, Giguere V, Ingraham H, Lazar M, Muscat G, Perlmann T, Renaud JP, Schwabe J, Sladek F, Tsai MJ, Laudet V
International Union of Pharmacology. LXVI. Orphan nuclear receptors.
Pharmacol Rev. 2006 Dec;58(4):798-836. [Full Text]

Vincent Giguère
Orphan Nuclear Receptors: From Gene to Function
Endocr. Rev. 20: 689-725, 1999. [Full Text]

Neubig, Richard R., Spedding, Michael, Kenakin, Terry, Christopoulos, Arthur
International Union of Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification. XXXVIII. Update on Terms and Symbols in Quantitative Pharmacology
Pharmacol Rev 2003 55: 597-606 [Full Text]

Pin JP, Neubig R, Bouvier M, Devi L, Filizola M, Javitch JA, Lohse MJ, Milligan G, Palczewski K, Parmentier M, Spedding M
International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. LXVII. Recommendations for the recognition and nomenclature of G protein-coupled receptor heteromultimers.
Pharmacol Rev. 2007 Mar;59(1):5-13. [Full Text]

P Samama, S Cotecchia, T Costa, and RJ Lefkowitz
A mutation-induced activated state of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor. Extending the ternary complex model
J. Biol. Chem. 268: 4625-4636, 1993. [Abstract/Full Text]

Perez, Dianne M., Karnik, Sadashiva S.
Multiple Signaling States of G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 147-161
[Full Text]

Christopoulos, Arthur, Kenakin, Terry
G Protein-Coupled Receptor Allosterism and Complexing
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 323-374 [Full Text]

Patel, Tarun B.
Single Transmembrane Spanning Heterotrimeric G Protein-Coupled Receptors and Their Signaling Cascades
Pharmacol Rev 2004 56: 371-385 [Full Text]

Marvin C. Gershengorn, and Roman Osman
Minireview: Insights into G Protein-Coupled Receptor
Function Using Molecular Models

Endocrinology 142: 2-10, 2001. [Full Text]

Morris, Andrew J., Malbon, Craig C.
Physiological Regulation of G Protein-Linked Signaling
Physiol. Rev. 1999 79: 1373-1430 [Full Text]

Minneman, Kenneth P.

Splice Variants of GPCRs
Mol. Interv. 2001 1: 108-116 [Full Text]

Spedding, M., Bonner, T. I., Watson, S. P.
International Union of Pharmacology. XXXI. Recommendations for the Nomenclature of Multimeric G Protein-Coupled Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 231-232 [Full Text]

Boehm, Stefan, Kubista, Helmut
Fine Tuning of Sympathetic Transmitter Release via Ionotropic and Metabotropic Presynaptic Receptors
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 43-99 [Full Text]

Hollinger, Susanne, Hepler, John R.
Cellular Regulation of RGS Proteins: Modulators and Integrators of G Protein Signaling
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 527-559 [Full Text]

Sheng, Morgan, Sala, Carlo
Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 2001 24: 1-29 [Full Text]

Nicole Defer, Martin Best-Belpomme, and Jacques Hanoune
Tissue specificity and physiological relevance of various isoforms of adenylyl cyclase
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 279: F400-F416, September 2000. [Full Text]

Lucas, Kimberly A., Pitari, Giovanni M., Kazerounian, Shiva, Ruiz-Stewart, Inez, Park, Jason, Schulz, Stephanie, Chepenik, Kenneth P., Waldman, Scott A.
Guanylyl Cyclases and Signaling by Cyclic GMP
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 375-414 [Full Text]

Catterall, William A., Perez-Reyes, Edward, Snutch, Terrance P., Striessnig, Joerg
International Union of Pharmacology. XLVIII. Nomenclature and Structure-Function Relationships of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 411-425
[Full Text]

Catterall, William A., Goldin, Alan L., Waxman, Stephen G.
International Union of Pharmacology. XLVII. Nomenclature and Structure-Function Relationships of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 397-409 [Full Text]

Gutman, George A., Chandy, K. George, Grissmer, Stephan, Lazdunski, Michel, Mckinnon, David, Pardo, Luis A., Robertson, Gail A., Rudy, Bernardo, Sanguinetti, Michael C., Stuhmer, Walter, Wang, Xiaoliang
International Union of Pharmacology. LIII. Nomenclature and Molecular Relationships of Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 473-508
[Full Text]

Kubo, Yoshihiro, Adelman, John P., Clapham, David E., Jan, Lily Y., Karschin, Andreas, Kurachi, Yoshihisa, Lazdunski, Michel, Nichols, Colin G., Seino, Susumu, Vandenberg, Carol A.
International Union of Pharmacology. LIV. Nomenclature and Molecular Relationships of Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 509-526
[Full Text]

Wei, Aguan D., Gutman, George A., Aldrich, Richard, Chandy, K. George, Grissmer, Stephan, Wulff, Heike
International Union of Pharmacology. LII. Nomenclature and Molecular Relationships of Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 463-472
[Full Text]

Goldstein, Steve A. N., Bayliss, Douglas A., Kim, Donghee, Lesage, Florian, Plant, Leigh Daniel, Rajan, Sindhu
International Union of Pharmacology. LV. Nomenclature and Molecular Relationships of Two-P Potassium Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 527-540
[Full Text]

Hofmann, Franz, Biel, Martin, Kaupp, U. Benjamin
International Union of Pharmacology. LI. Nomenclature and Structure-Function Relationships of Cyclic Nucleotide-Regulated Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 455-462
[Full Text]

Edward Perez-Reyes
Molecular Physiology of Low-Voltage-Activated T-type Calcium Channels
Physiol. Rev. 83: 117-161, 2003. 10.1152/physrev.00018.2002 [Full Text]

Michael Fill, and Julio A. Copello
Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channels
Physiol. Rev. 82: 893-922, 2002. 10.1152/physrev.00013.2002 [Full Text]

U. Benjamin Kaupp, and Reinhard Seifert
Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Ion Channels
Physiol. Rev. 82: 769-824, 2002. [Full Text]

Clapham, David E., Julius, David, Montell, Craig, Schultz, Gunter
International Union of Pharmacology. XLIX. Nomenclature and Structure-Function Relationships of Transient Receptor Potential Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 427-450 [Full Text]

Clapham, David E., Garbers, David L.
International Union of Pharmacology. L. Nomenclature and Structure-Function Relationships of CatSper and Two-Pore Channels
Pharmacol Rev 2005 57: 451-454
[Full Text]

Thomas E. Decoursey
Voltage-Gated Proton Channels and Other Proton Transfer Pathways
Physiol. Rev. 83: 475-579, 2003. 10.1152/physrev.00028.2002 [Full Text]

Volker Gerke, and Stephen E. Moss
Annexins: From Structure to Function
Physiol. Rev. 82: 331-371, 2002. [Full Text]

Chandra P. Leo, Sheau Yu Hsu, and Aaron J. W. Hsueh
Hormonal Genomics
Endocr. Rev. 23: 369-381, 2002. [Full Text]

Sheau Yu Hsu, and Aaron J. W. Hsueh
Discovering New Hormones, Receptors, and Signaling Mediators in the Genomic Era
Mol. Endocrinol. 14: 594-604, 2000. [Full Text]

Chun, Jerold, Goetzl, Edward J., Hla, Timothy, Igarashi, Yasuyuki, Lynch, Kevin R., Moolenaar, Wouter, Pyne, Susan, Tigyi, Gabor
International Union of Pharmacology. XXXIV. Lysophospholipid Receptor Nomenclature
Pharmacol Rev 2002 54: 265-269 [Full Text]

Sarah Spiegel, and Sheldon Milstien
Sphingosine 1-Phosphate, a Key Cell Signaling Molecule
J. Biol. Chem. 277: 25851-25854, 2002. [Full Text]

Vitkovic, Ljubisa, Bockaert, Joel, Jacque, Claude
"Inflammatory" Cytokines: Neuromodulators in Normal Brain?
J Neurochem 2000 74: 457-471 [Full Text]

Quock, Raymond M., Burkey, Thomas H., Varga, Eva, Hosohata, Yoshiaki, Hosohata, Keiko, Cowell, Scott M., Slate, Cheryl A., Ehlert, Frederick J., Roeske, William R., Yamamura, Henry I.
The delta -Opioid Receptor: Molecular Pharmacology, Signal Transduction, and the Determination of Drug Efficacy
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 503-532 [Full Text]

Lai, Josephine, Ossipov, Michael H., Vanderah, Todd W., Malan, T. Philip, Jr., Porreca, Frank
Neuropathic Pain: The Paradox of Dynorphin
Mol. Interv. 2001 1: 160-167 [Full Text]

Persky, Adam M., Brazeau, Gayle A.
Clinical Pharmacology of the Dietary Supplement Creatine Monohydrate
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 161-176 [Full Text]

Giustina, Andrea, Veldhuis, Johannes D.
Pathophysiology of the Neuroregulation of Growth Hormone Secretion in Experimental Animals and the Human
Endocr Rev 1998 19: 717-797 [Full Text]

Vaudry, David, Gonzalez, Bruno J., Basille, Magali, Yon, Laurent, Fournier, Alain, Vaudry, Hubert
Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide and Its Receptors: From Structure to Functions
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 269-324 [Full Text]

Harmar, Anthony J., Arimura, Akira, Gozes, Illana, Journot, Laurent, Laburthe, Marc, Pisegna, Joseph R., Rawlings, Stephen R., Robberecht, Patrick, Said, Sami I., Sreedharan, Sunil P., Wank, Stephen A., Waschek, James A.
International Union of Pharmacology. XVIII. Nomenclature of Receptors for Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide and Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide
Pharmacol Rev 1998 50: 265-270 [Full Text]

Nancy M. Sherwood, Sandra L. Krueckl, and John E. McRory
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Daniel J. Drucker
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Guimaraes, Serafim, Moura, Daniel
Vascular Adrenoceptors: An Update
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Brodde, Otto-Erich, Michel, Martin C.
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Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 651-690 [Full Text]

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International Union of Pharmacology. LIX. The pharmacology and classification of the nuclear receptor superfamily: thyroid hormone receptors.
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Yen, Paul M.
Physiological and Molecular Basis of Thyroid Hormone Action
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Mariusz W. Szkudlinski, Valerie Fremont, Catherine Ronin, and Bruce D. Weintraub
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Mayo, Kelly E., Miller, Laurence J., Bataille, Dominique, Dalle, Stephane, Goke, Burkhard, Thorens, Bernard, Drucker, Daniel J.
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Timothy James Kieffer, and Joel Francis Habener
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Béatrice Desvergne, and Walter Wahli
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Nuclear Receptor Coregulators: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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Aranda, Ana, Pascual, Angel
Nuclear Hormone Receptors and Gene Expression
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Steven A. Kliewer, Bryan Goodwin, and Timothy M. Willson
The Nuclear Pregnane X Receptor: A Key Regulator of Xenobiotic Metabolism
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Heldin, Carl-Henrik, Westermark, Bengt
Mechanism of Action and In Vivo Role of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
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Peter J. Malloy, J. Wesley Pike, and David Feldman
The Vitamin D Receptor and the Syndrome of Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets
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David R. Brigstock
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van Ree, Jan M., Gerrits, Mirjam A. F. M., Vanderschuren, Louk J. M. J.
Opioids, Reward and Addiction: An Encounter of Biology, Psychology, and Medicine
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 341-396 [Full Text]

Ferguson, Stephen S. G.
Evolving Concepts in G Protein-Coupled Receptor Endocytosis: The Role in Receptor Desensitization and Signaling
Pharmacol Rev 2001 53: 1-24 [Full Text]

Vizi, E. Sylvester
Role of High-Affinity Receptors and Membrane Transporters in Nonsynaptic Communication and Drug Action in the Central Nervous System
Pharmacol Rev 2000 52: 63-90 [Full Text]

Gavish, Moshe, Bachman, Idit, Shoukrun, Rami, Katz, Yeshayahu, Veenman, Leo, Weisinger, Gary, Weizman, Abraham
Enigma of the Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptor
Pharmacol Rev 1999 51: 629-650 [Full Text]

Giembycz, Mark A., Lindsay, Mark A.
Pharmacology of the Eosinophil
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Thomas Brody and Anibal Cravchik
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Hewes, Randall S., Taghert, Paul H.
Neuropeptides and Neuropeptide Receptors in the Drosophila melanogaster Genome
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